hyperbaric therapy (HBOT) is an oxygen-based therapy without use of medications. Hyper means high and baric means atmospheric pressure, which describes this therapy. The use of oxygen at a pressure higher than that of normal atmospheric pressure is applied in technique of this therapy. The therapeutic value of HBOT in the treatment of decompression sickness or blood vessel blockage by air bubble lies in the enhance overall pressure that is used as physical mean to eliminate inert gas bubbles by reducing its volume within the body. This oxygen pressure-based treatment is, therefore, very useful to treat many other health conditions.
About safety of HBOT procedure
Several studies have been conducted to know the safety aspect of this therapy, but none of them has shown any potential risks involved in undergoing this procedure. It is considered as one of the safest medical procedures used for various kind of treatments. A patient may feel bit hungriness or fatigue after this treatment which is quite normal and doesn’t affect performance of normal activities in any way. Overall, hyperbaric therapy is safe procedure from every angle. However, there may be occasional complications, the reason for which is not known, but treatment still doesn’t usually carry potential health risks.
Some risks involved in HBOT procedure
Few risks have been observed in some cases that may be considered as potential risks in this treatment, but not all are dangerous.
• Fire can be caused in oxygen-rich chamber due to some inflammable substance or device, but that can be prevented by taking utmost precaution prior to the procedure.
• Temporary nearsightedness (myopia) possibility is there due to eye lens changes for some temporary period during treatment and it is not a potential risk.
• Risk of some injury in middle ear, like eardrum rupture or fluid leakage is possible due to increased air pressure.
• High volume of oxygen in central nervous system (CNS) can result in seizures sometimes.
• Air pressure alteration can cause lung collapse.